Displaying items by tag: Science
Ten Czech scientists, in two main categories, received Neuron Awards on Tuesday at a gala ceremony at Prague’s National Museum. Three received the award for their lifelong contribution to science, while seven awards went to young researchers. Eight recipients have ties with, or work at, Charles University.
“We expected the biggest changes in vegetation to be at the end of the Ice Age. Instead, we were surprised they were in the last four thousand years," says paleoecologist Petr Kuneš of the Faculty of Science. Kuneš and fellow experts' findings were published in the prestigious scientific journal Science.
„Čekali jsme, že největší změny vegetace budou na konci doby ledové. Překvapilo nás, že to jsou poslední čtyři tisíce let,“ říká paleoekolog Petr Kuneš z Přírodovědecké fakulty UK, který se na publikaci v prestižním vědeckém časopise Science podílel.
“Have you ever imagined what life would be like if it evolved in a cold ocean beneath an impenetrable shell of ice, or on a world whose haze obscured the universe beyond?” That is a question posed by members of EAI such as Julie Nováková, a biologist and PhD student at Charles University, launching a campaign to publish a new sci-fi anthology.
It was apparent that the complete but darkened skeleton of a small whale at the Museum of Human and Comparative Anatomy would eventually fall apart. But restorers achieved something remarkable: returning the skeleton – one of only two in the Czech Republic – to its former glory, while also preserving soft tissue. The team was headed by anthropologist and anatomist Andrej Shbat.
Sleep is Karel Blahna’s focus of research. At the Biomedical Center at Charles University’s Faculty of Medicine in Plzeň, he looks into how the brain’s sleep activity changes in sickness and health. He was able to put together a team and conduct research thanks to support from CU’s Primus programme.
A team of Czech parasitologists from CU’s Faculty of Science has been working with researchers from Great Britain, Israel, and Canada to develop an effective vaccine preventing against leishmaniasis, a parasitic disease transmitted by sand flies. The results of their study were published in the prestigious journal Nature Communications.
There are more than 3‚000 species of termites, and their combined mass is greater than the combined mass of all human beings on the planet. They’re best known as pests that can gnaw through your house, but only in recent years has more research been done into their significance for the ecosystem.
„Charakterizují ho dredy a zápal pro evoluční a vývojovou biologii. Je velmi inteligentní a má hodně načteno – umí si spojit různé věci a do týmu vybrat ty nejlepší lidi,” říká o Robertu Černému jeho kolega Peter Fabian. Společně stojí za článkem o studiu adenohypofýzy v časopise Science.
„Pro takové objevy musíte mít jednak štěstí, a hlavně musíte být připravený a schopný je vidět. A já jsem byl,“ říká Peter Fabian z University of Southern California. Je prvoautorem vědecké studie, která vyšla v Science - spolu s kolegy se mu podařilo odhalit evoluční původ adenohypofýzy.
Lab contributed to testing and put years of experience into new commercial kit
For 30 years Professor Stanislav Kmoch has devoted himself to the research of rare diseases; during the coronavirus pandemic, his laboratory was able to apply significant know-how in the development of new diagnostic kits for the detection of Covid-19.